Publications | საერთაშორისო გამჭვირვალობა - საქართველო
03 February, 2010

Parliamentary Elections - Statement of Domestic Non-Governmental Organizations

In order to strengthen public trust in the assessment and results of elections, it is crucial that the electoral process take place in a fair and calm environment. The responsibility for this process falls on not only the authorities. Rather, it should be shared among the authorities, the opposition forces, every subject engaged in the process, and society.

12 January, 2010

Where do we stand?: Georgia’s achievements and challenges through different lenses

Georgia’s commitments as described in the European Neighborhood Policy Action Plan (ENP AP) involve reforms in almost all policy areas. While the government has already achieved tangible results in several policy directions, more action must be taken in many other fields. This report summarizes the government’s achievements and future challenges as perceived by the incumbent government, the opposition and NGO representatives. The report is based solely on information provided by respondents and focuses on policy rather than political issues. The first part of the report outlines success stories as told by the three sides, while the second focuses on policy issues deemed to be in urgent need of attention. The report concludes with a summary of opinions on the government’s achievements and the challenges still to come.

12 January, 2010

The GEL 5 Health Insurance Scheme: An Appraisal

On February 12, 2008, President Saakashvili announced in his annual state of the nation address the introduction of a new co-financed health insurance scheme. The scheme potentially covers the one million people not covered by other free government backed schemes. The package on offer covers basic risks and includes three parts: accidental, urgent and ambulatory services. The premium is GEL 5 a month, of which the state pays GEL 3.35.

12 January, 2010

State Employment Programmes: Politics Aside?

State-financed employment programmes have become a new tradition since 2006. While the true scale of the unemployment problem in Georgia is misrepresented by the official statistics, the actual magnitude of unemployment is acknowledged by the heavy focus on the issue, especially at politically sensitive times. Elections have proven an especially effective moment to capture the momentum.

12 January, 2010

Reforming Georgia's Social Welfare System

For a country like Georgia with some 50-55% of the population living below the poverty line and some 15% living in conditions of extreme poverty, the need for a coherent and sustainable social security policy is urgent. Georgia inherited the Soviet system of social security, which guaranteed a decent living for pensioners, the unemployed, the disabled, families with many children and people fitting countless other groups. Since the collapse of the USSR, however, Georgia has been unable to afford such lavish social spending, nor has it revised the existing model in a systematic and comprehensive manner.

12 January, 2010

Reform of Georgia's Defence Sector

Two major developments have characterized activity in Georgia’s defence sector since the 2003 Rose Revolution: intensified effort to hasten Georgian accession to NATO and, correspondingly, large-scale infrastructural and long-term planning reforms aimed at meeting NATO entry requirements. Success has been mixed in both areas: in September 2006 the heads of state of twenty-six NATO member countries agreed to the commencement of Intensified Dialogue (ID) with Georgia. While this would seem to be a step in a positive direction, the length of the ID is indefinite and Georgia’s rights and responsibilities during this stage of cooperation are only loosely defined. Georgia’s Ministry of Defence (henceforth MoD) has adopted an elaborate new management scheme for defence planning and oversight, however local defence specialists claim that NATO-specific objectives have been fulfilled on paper only, while substantive reform has yet to be realized. While responsibility for the development and implementation of defence reform lies with the Georgian side primarily, the ambiguity of NATO requirements at stages along the way to full integration has made Georgian compliance and accountability an especially difficult task.

12 January, 2010

Reforming the System of National Statistics in Georgia

National statistics, among many other policy issues, is given significant attention in the European Neighbourhood Policy Action Plan (section 4.5.5). The ENP AP stipulates that reform of national statistics should take two forms: first, statistical methods that are fully compatible with European